Islampur is a small town in the district of North Dinajpur, located 110 km from Raiganj. The town primarily consists of a Muslim population, which is almost 98 per cent. The rivers of old Brahmaputra and Yamuna flow through the region. Archaeological sites consist of the tomb of Hazrat Shah Kamal at Durmuth and the war memorial at Musharafganj.
The economy is agriculture based and a high percentage of the people work as agricultural labourers; many flocks to the nearby towns to work as wage labourers in construction and masonry. Fishing, commerce, services, and trade comprise a small portion of the economy. Crops like paddy, jute, sugarcane, mustard seed, wheat, vegetables, and pulses are grown. Also, fruits like mango, coconut, papaya, banana, and jackfruit are grown in abundance.
Due to the relative isolation of Islampur and the lack of education among the people, it has not made much progress economically compared to other districts and towns of North Bengal.